What does the test involve?

The GAPS test takes less than 10 minutes. The child repeats a small set of sentences and made-up words to a character called Bik (Bik is an alien who only understands children!). These two tasks measure the child's ability to use two fundamental components of language - Grammar (Syntax and Morphology) (their ability to build words from parts of words and construct sentences) and Phonology (their ability to use the sound system to construct words).

The GAPS test is designed to be very user-friendly. The package includes a step-by-step instruction booklet explaining exactly how to perform the test, score the performance of the child and interpret the end results. The package also includes easy-to-use score sheets to record the child's performance as they do the test.

The GAPS test provides a score that indicates whether a child is using language at a level that is typical for their age. The child's performance on the test points to the type of action they need. For example, they may benefit from additional monitoring at school as they learn to read and write, or they may require a referral to a speech and language therapist.